Guidelines for Speakers, Chairs and Discussants

Chair of sessions
The chair should confirm that speakers have loaded their presentations onto the computer prior to the start of the session and at least 10 minutes before the session commences check that all speakers and discussants have arrived. You may rearrange the order of the session presentation to ensure that time is not wasted waiting for the speaker. Please make sure you know the name, place of work and title for the speakers and discussants before the session starts. Briefly introduce the name of the speaker, where they come from, names of co-authors and the title of the paper. Each presenter and discussant has a maximum of 10 minutes. You will be provided with cards that show "3 minutes remaining", "1 minute remaining" and "time is up". Please do not allow your sessions to overrun. Sessions should not be extended into the breaks. A polite statement is: "If you want to talk further please find the person during the breaks."

Make sure you arrive at least 10 minutes before the session starts and introduce yourselves to the chair. If you have not already done so, upload your presentation onto computer provided. Label your presentation with your last name, followed by an abbreviated title. Please be considerate of your colleagues and stick to the time limit (10 minutes). After the discussants comments you will have 2-3 minutes to respond.

Please make sure you arrive at least 10 minutes before the session starts to introduce yourselves to the chair, presenters and check your comments. Please confirm the session in which you are a discussant when you arrive at the conference as occasionally times have to be rearranged in the last minute. The main role of the discussant is to identify comparative or contrasting themes in the two presentations and raise questions to open the discussion. Constructive comments will be helpful to authors in improving papers before they are submitted to journals and will enhance the quality of the discussion. Take time before the session to make sure your comments will take no longer than 10 minutes.

To All Conference Participants: Session Format
Each session is divided into parts. Please refer to the program grid for the structure and times of your session. The program is full, please respect your colleagues and ensure you stay to time. In the morning check with staff for last-minute changes in program.


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